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Know Your Rights... As a Long-Term Care Resident

If you live in a nursing home or residential care facility, you have the same rights you would if you still lived in your own home.

As a consumer of long-term care, you are entitled to a safe and healthy home, and the safekeeping of your belongings. You also have the right to be treated with dignity and consideration at all times.

About your home

You have the right to choose:

  • Your daily routine;
  • To have visitors;
  • To have your personal belongings;
  • and To pursue interests in and outside of the facility.

You have the right to know:

  • What services are available to you;
  • What the services cost;
  • and How to apply for Medicaid

You have the right to be free from:

  • Abuse;
  • Neglect;
  • Discrimination; and
  • Being restrained against your will.

About your health

You have the right to choose:

  • Your doctors and other health care providers; and
  • Your course of treatment, and to have your treatment documented in your plan of care.

You have the right to:

  • Know the status of your health condition at all times; and
  • Receive all of the care to which you agreed in your personal plan of care.

About your privacy

You have the right to full confidentiality regarding:

  • All communication, including mail, e-mail, telephone calls, and in-person visits; and
  • Your personal care, treatment, and medical records.

Your long-term care facility must also assist in meeting your needs by providing:

  • Sufficient staff each day, during all shifts;
  • Reasonable notice before making room or roommate changes;
  • An announcement before entering your room, except in cases of emergency;
  • Assistance with your waking and sleeping routines;
  • Prompt response to reasonable, personal requests;
  • A safe and clean living environment; and
  • By showing respect and courtesy at all times.

About your personal property

As a resident of a long-term care facility, state law gives you the right to keep and use personal possessions, including furnishings and clothing, unless it interferes with the rights or health and safety of other residents. Although you have the right to keep your personal belongings with you, remember that such items could be lost or stolen. It is wise to take steps to protect your personal property.

What you can do to protect your personal property from theft or loss:

  • Request a personal, locked storage space if one is available at your long-term care facility.
  • Label all clothing and personal items with your name and date of birth.
  • Ask the facility to indelibly mark personal effects and small appliances with ID numbers.
  • Engrave or permanently mark dentures and eyeglasses with your name and date of birth. (Most dentists can engrave dentures.)
  • Take pictures or videos of valuable items such as jewelry or artwork.
  • Keep an up-to-date inventory of your belongings and give a copy to the long-term care facility.
  • Update your inventory list whenever you bring in something new or throw something away.
  • Check your homeowner’s insurance to see if coverage can be extended to protect property during your stay at the facility.

What you can do if your belongings are missing:

  • Report any missing possessions to the facility as soon as possible in writing. Be detailed in your description, including what the article looks like, where and when it was last seen and the value of the item(s). Provide a copy of a receipt if you have one.
  • Ask the facility to investigate the loss. Set a reasonable deadline and request a written response from the facility.
  • Insist that the facility file a police report if you believe property has been stolen. If the facility refuses, contact the local police yourself and tell them you want to report a theft.
  • Do not let any waiver of liability that you may have signed when entering the facility keep you from exercising your rights. Such agreements are not legally enforceable.
  • Request reimbursement if the property cannot be recovered. If you are unable to resolve your complaint against the facility, you have the option to sue to recover the value of the property in small claims court. Your Long-Term Care Ombudsman can tell you how and where to file suit.

How to voice your concerns

You have the right to make a formal complaint about being mistreated by informing the following:

  • Your family and friends
  • Your resident council Long-term care facility staff
  • The facility's grievance committee
  • Your Long-Term Care Ombudsman or advocate
  • The Ohio Department of Health

When a crime is committed

Your Long-Term Care Ombudsman can help you know your rights and report a possible crime. Under Ohio law, you have rights as a victim of crime, including crimes relating to:

  • Personal property
  • Domestic violence
  • Intimidation of a crime victim or witness
  • Menacing and aggravated menacing
  • Murder, rape, kidnapping, and felonious assault
  • Negligent and vehicular homicide
  • Sexual imposition and sexual abuse
  • Stalking

Call us.

We can help.

To voice a concern or obtain information about long-term care, contact ABLE's Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program.

Please call ABLE's Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program at:

  • Toll-free (800) 542-1874 
  • Toledo (419) 259-2891
  • Fax (419) 259-2880
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